Ground (including soil and rock and covered snow) that remains at or below 0 degree C for at least two consecutive years.
The total amount of radiant energy received from the sun on the earth surface
A sustained shift of in the average value for any climatic elements such as temperature, rainfall, drought, hurricanes etc.
The amount of carbon dioxide emission per person on an average based on their everyday lifestyle in a country
Suspended particulate matter in the atmosphere can reflect solar energy back to the space, causing a net cooling effect.
Geo-engineering technologies aim to readjust the global energy balance by reducing incoming solar radiation
A worldwide CHANGE IN AVERAGE SEA LEVEL resulting from climatic warming or cooling, affecting the volume of water in the oceans
The portions of the Earth's surface where water is in solid form
The DIFFERENCE between the amount of snowfall gained by a glacier or ice sheet, and the amount of ice lost through the processes of calving or melting.
A capacity of individuals, society, organizations or environment to recover and resume 'business as usual' operations following a shock or catastrophic event
Geo-engineering technologies aim to capture carbon dioxide released by the burning fossil fuels
Atmospheric gases that absorb infrared radiation (long wave) and cause the global temperature to rise
An occurrence of drought or storm that appears unusually severe or long lasting with very high magnitude, not recorded in the past
Any action designed to protect people from the harmful impacts of climate change without tackling the underlying root problems
It is a very powerful greenhouse gas, enormous volume of which are stored in frozen soils in the Planet's PERMAFROST regions.
It is a measure of reflectivity of a surface. MEANS how much solar radiation a surface reflects. Darker surface has less reflectivity so it will be towards zero. bright things, like white buildings and snow, have higher value of it (towards 1).
Any action intended to slow down and ultimately stop the severe impact of GHG emissions, practiced by the stakeholders at different scales. For example, national target to reduce carbon emissions.