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Treaty 4 Facts
#1

How many treaties were signed before Treaty 4?

3. 

#2

Where is Treaty 4 located?

Southern Saskatchewan. Treaty 4 also extends slightly into Manitoba and Alberta. 

Image result for treaty map of saskatchewan

#3

Where was Treaty 4 signed?

Fort Qu’Appelle, Saskatchewan

#4

When was Treaty 4 signed?

September 15th, 1874

#5

Who were the signatories of Treaty 4?

The Treaty 4 agreement was between the Crown and the Cree and Saulteaux Nations living on Treaty 4 land. 

Treaty 4 Provisions
#1

True or False: Reserve land was included as part of Treaty 4. 

True. Treaty 4 provisioned one square mile for every five persons of reserve land. 

#2

What animals were to be given as Treaty 4 provisions?

Oxen, a bull, 4 cows

#3

What was the agreement regarding liquor in Treaty 4?

There was to be no liquor on reserve land. 

#4

What monetary annuituties were promised for every chief? Headman? and person?

Annuities of $25 for a chief, plus a coat and medal, $15 annuity per headman, $5 annuity for each person

#5

Name atleast 5 things that are provisions of Treaty 4. 

Answers can include any of the following:

  • Reserves of one square mile for every five persons
  • Annuities of $25 for a chief, plus a coat and medal, $15 annuity per headman, $5 annuity for each person
  • A suit of clothing per chief every 3 years
  • Blankets and calicoes
  • British Flag
  • $750 worth of powder, shot, and twine per year
  • 2 hoes, a spade, scythe, axe, and seed per family
  • A plow and 2 harrows per 10 families
  • Oxen, a bull, 4 cows
  • Carpenter’s tools- 5 hand saws, five augers, a crosscut saw, a pit saw, and a grindstone per chief
  • A school on the reserve
  • No liquor to be allowed on the reserve
  • Rights to hunting, fishing, and trapping
Misc.
#1

When were treaties signed in Canada?

The numbered treaties were signed between 1871 and 1921. 

#2

True or False: Treaty 4 is the 4th Treaty to be signed in Saskatchewan. 

False. It is the 2nd Treaty to be signed in Saskatchewan. Treaties 1 and 3 are not within Saskatchewan. 

#3

How many treaties have been signed in Canada?

11. 

 

Image result for how many treaties in canada

#4

What were the reasons for signing Treaty 4 from a First Nation perspective?

The increase in settlers moving west meant a decline in buffalo population. This threated their livelihoods and way of life. Also, the increase in the spread of disease and the decline in fur prices added to the hardships experienced by First Nations peoples at this time. 

#5

What were the reasons for signing Treaty 4 from the Canadian Government's perspective?

The United States’ movement of “manifest destiny” (a push to claim and settle the land wherever unsettled) put pressure on the Canadian government to settle western lands. 

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